Siwan is situated in the western part of North Bihar. It is bordered by Gopalganj district in the north and by the river Ghaghara in the south beyond which lies the Ballia district of Uttar Pradesh. In the east of Siwan lies Saran district while Deoria district bounds it from the west. The global location of Siwan district is between 25degree 53minutes to 26degree 23minutes North Latitudes and 84degree 1minutes to 84degree 47minutes East Longitudes. Siwan covers an area of 2219 sq.km. The district headquarter is located on the eastern bank of river Daha. According to the census report of 2001, the population of Siwan district is 27,14,349. The literacy rate in the district is 51.65%, as registered in the census report of 2001.
According to a FARMAN in Persian language which is present in Bihar State Archives department, Govt. of Bihar, Shah Alamgir had donated 200 Bighas of Agriculture land in Pargana Andar, Sarkar Saran (Presently in Bihar, District Siwan) to Bibi Badi. (Reference : "Kujhwa" Published in 1987).
When the daughter of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb fell seriously ill and the court hakims gave up, the ruler said that if Syed ladies of impeccable birth and virtue prayed for her he would reward them suitably. As a result, Bibi Wadi and her 14 sisters offered to pray for the princess and she was healed.Out of gratitude, the emperor gave them the land on which Khujwa village was built. (Reference : "Kujhwa Recollected : Autobiographical Essays" by Dr. Akbar Naqvi).
After a lot of researches it has been established that this village Kujhwa has been established by Janab Syed Ghulam Mohammad prior to 1730 on the same land which was donated by Shah Alamgir to Bibi Badi.
According to historical facts Syed Jalaluddine Surkhposh a Sufi Saint who was born in Bukhara in 595 Hijree migrated in 653 Hijree and came to Multan and from there he went to Bhakkhar in Sindh (Pakistan). He was married to Bibi Fatma daughter of a famous Sufi Saint Syed Mohammad Bhakkaree. After their marriage a son was born whose name was Ahmad Kabir. There were two other famous Sufi Saints whose name was Makhdoom Jalaluddine Jahangast and Syed Sadruddine alias Raju Qattal. They belong to the family of Syed Jalaluddine Surhposh.
Makhdoom Jalaluddine Jahangast had very good preaching capacity. Under his influence Rajput of Gujarat belonging to Chakh Tribe had embraced Islam. Makhdoom Sb. died in 785 Hijree in Uooch. It is situated in between Multan and Bahawalpur of Pakistan. The name of one of the son of Makhdoom Jalaluddine Jahan Gast was Syed Naseeruddine Mahmood. The name of his son was Syed Abu Mohammad Abdullah alias Burhanuddine Qutub Alam. He was born in 791 Hijree in Batuwa which is situated in Ahmadabad (India). The name of his son was Makhdoom Syed Shah Abdul Barkat alias Shah Alam. He was born in 817 Hijree and died in 880 Hijree in Rasoolabad which is situated in Gujarat (India). His grave yard (Quabristan) is still present in Rasoolabad (Gujarat). The family members of Shah Alam migrated from Gujarat and came to Zafrabad (Uttar Pradesh) which is near Jaunpur (U.P.). After a very long gap the family members of Shah Alam migrated to Hajipur (Bihar) and from there they went to Hasanpura, a village in present Siwan district. During those days Hasanpura was very famous village and there were some famous Sufi Saints.
Among the family members of Shah Alam Janab Peer Mohammad had come to Hasanpura. Janab Peer Mohammad settled in Hasanpura for all practical purposes. The son of Peer Mohammad was Ghulam Mohammad. Janab Ghulam Mohammad was the person who had established "Kujuwa".
During those days on the land of Kujhwa, there was jungle of KOOS & JHAUWA. This land was under the possession of Bhumihars (A community of Hindu people) of village Garbhirar. Janab Ghulam Mohammad had taken the help of the people of Rizwi Family of Kusahra village. The Rizvi family were related to the people of "Chakri" a nearby village of Kujhwa. After taking the possession of the land, Janab Ghulam Mohammad Saheb started cutting of the jungle of KOOS & JHAUWA. When the land was free Janab Ghulam Mohammad had established a village and kept its name as "Kujhwa". All these acts were done prior to 1730.
Janab Ghulam Mohammad had two sons. The eldest son was Meer Jafer Ali who had established "Adheara Mohalla" of Kujhwa. The name of next son of Janab Ghulam Mohammad was Meer Quabil Ali. There were four sons of Meer Quabil Ali. They were Janab Asad Ali, Janab Yaseen Ali, Janab Rahmali and Janab Imam Ali.
Janab Asad Ali had established Moulvee Mohalla of Kujhwa. The family member of Janab Yaseen Ali was Janab Bande Ali Saheb who was responsible for establishing "Bangla Mohalla" of Kujhwa. Janab Rahmali Saheb had established Shutur Mohalla" of village Kujhwa.
During those days cultivation was the main profession of the people of this village.
PRESENT VIEW OF A RICE FIELD FLOURISHING IN KUJHWA
PRESENT VIEW OF LUSH GREEN AGRICULTURE FIELD OF KUJHWA
FEW COMMON SIGHTS DURING USUAL DAYS IN KUJHWA
A villager carrying leaves on his head for his cattle
A village Lady carrying some thing in a basket(Tokri) on her head
Tailoring Shop in Kujhwa
Cotton processing machine in village Kujhwa
Men bathing cows in a pond
People fishing in the pond
Dilapidated Road leading to Kujhwa
People weaving a Cot in village Kujhwa
A tea shop in Kujhwa
Bicycle repairing shop in Kujhwa
A Sweet shop in Kujhwa
A Sweet shop in Kujhwa
A common mode of general transport
A Truck loaded with Sand on the road
After grazing in open fields cows are returning back
After grazing in open fields cows are drinking water in the pond
With the passage of time people started learning. After several years this village became one of the most educated villages of entire Bihar state of India. This village had produced I.A.S., I.P.S., Doctors, Engineers, Professors and eminent Maulanas of Shia community.
According to a survey of the Shia-Ithnaasheries of entire Siwan district which was done during the year 1997( Published in"Kujhwa 1997"), the educational standard of village Kujhwa in 1997 was as follows:
* Ph.D. holders 6, M.A/M.Sc./M.Com 46, Doctors 15, Engineers 16, Professors 3, Graduates 139 (Central and State Government Services 65 people).
* Intermediate 59, Matric 64, Alim & Fazil, Fauquania and Moulvi 9 and Advocates 3.
* Businessman 37, Cultivators 7.
Before partition a good number of people were landlords (Zamidars). There were many rich people who had built up magnificent "Mosques and attached Imambaras". This village was very popular on the front of Journalism. A number of Religious Magazines of International standard were being published from this village.
After partition (1947), this village lost is glamour. People having their roots in "KUJHWA" live in different parts of the world.
At present this village is shedding tears on its past glory
House of Dr. Nazre Imam S/o Janab Nasir Ali Sb.
NOTE : For any further details please consult "KUJHWA" Published in 1987 and 1997. It is available in the library of Madrasa Islamia Kujhwa and Khuda Baksh Oriental Public Library, Patna.
CURTSY : Padamshree Prof. Syed Hasan Askari and Prof. Syed Faiyazuddin Haider, Ex-Director, Arabic and Persian Research Institute, Patna, Govt. of Bihar, Kujhwa Recollected by Dr. Akbar Naqvi.